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Consumer Confidence Report (CCR)

2020 City of Canfield Annual Water Quality Report

CCR Image

The City of Canfield has prepared the following report on the water quality from Meander Reservoir and is currently up to date for the year of 2020 with their license to operate your drinking water system. This report is required by the Safe Drinking Water Act. For technical water quality information, contact the Mahoning Valley Sanitary District (MVSD) at 330-652-3614. For information regarding distribution, service, pressure, lead and copper sampling results or discolored water, contact John Rapp/ Anthony Snovak, Canfield Public Works Dept. at 330-533-1101. The City of Canfield is licensed to operate as a public water system as ID OH5000503.

How is the water supplied to customers?

The City of Canfield obtains its drinking water from the Meander Reservoir through a contract with the City of Youngstown.  The Meander Reservoir has a capacity of 11 billion gallons, is operated by the Mahoning Valley Sanitary District and is considered a surface water source which requires treatment prior to use as drinking water. Treatment includes chemical addition for softening, disinfection, fluoridation, taste and odor control, mixing, settling, filtration, and pumping.

The Mahoning Valley Sanitary District treats approximately 30 million gallons per day of raw water from Meander Creek Reservoir and pumps it to Youngstown   The City of Canfield purchases a finished water product from the City of Youngstown and operates a water distribution system only. Canfield distributes approximately 600,000 gallons per day through approximately 60 miles of pipeline to the City of Canfield.

How do I participate in Decisions concerning my drinking water?

Public participation and comments regarding water are encouraged at regular City Council meetings on the 1st and 3rd Wednesday of every month, or through the office of the City Manager, Wade Calhoun, at (330) 533-1101.

The City of Canfield has a current, unconditional license from the Ohio EPA to operate the City of Canfield Water System. (PWSID: OH5000503)

Your Water Supply

The Mahoning Valley Sanitary District public water system uses surface water drawn from the Meander Creek Reservoir. For the purpose of source water assessments in Ohio, all surface waters are susceptible to contamination. By their nature, surface waters are readily accessible and can be contaminated by chemicals and pathogens which may rapidly arrive at the public drinking water intake with little warning or time to prepare. The Mahoning Valley Sanitary District’s drinking water source protection area is susceptible to runoff from row crop agriculture and animal feedlot operations, oil and gas wells, failing home and commercial septic systems, road/rail crossings, and new housing and commercial development that could raise runoff from roads and parking lots. The Mahoning Valley Sanitary District water system treats the water to meet drinking water supply quality standards, but no single treatment technique can address all potential contaminants. The potential for water quality impacts can further be decreased by measures to protect Meander Creek Reservoir and its watershed. More detailed information is provided in the Mahoning Valley Sanitary District’s Drinking Water Source Assessment Report, which can be obtained by calling Jon Jamison at 330-652-3614. To view the approved MVSD Meander Creek Reservoir Drinking Water Source Protection Plan visit and look under the link for Administrative Public Records.

Source Water Assessment Plan (SWAP)

A Source Water Assessment Plan (SWAP) is now available at the MVSD office. This plan is an assessment of the delineated area around our listed sources through which contaminants, if present, could migrate and reach our source water. It also includes an inventory of potential sources of contamination within the delineated area, and a determination of the water supply’s susceptibility to contamination by the identified potential sources. According to the Source Water Assessment Plan, our water system had a susceptibility rating of moderate. If you would like to review the Source Water Assessment Plan, please feel free to contact MVSD during regular office hours and visit

Critical Users

Canfield defines critical water users as health care facilities, nursing homes, day care centers, and schools. Other businesses may be considered a critical water user based on the nature of their operations. Some residents may be considered a critical water user based on medical conditions and associated water needs.

 If you wish be added to the City’s critical water user list, please send a written request to the Water Department 104 Lisbon Street Canfield, Ohio 44406 or email  The City will reference this list when dealing with unplanned emergencies and/or scheduled service outages, and will make provisions to minimize the impact of such events on critical users. Please note, inclusion on this list is not a guarantee of uninterrupted water service, and all users are advised to keep an emergency supply of water on hand at all times.

Who needs to take special precaution?

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infection. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care provider. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Water Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791) or

What are sources of contamination to drinking water?

The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.

Contaminants that may be present in source water include:  (A) Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations and wildlife; (B) Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban storm water runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining or farming; (C) Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban storm water runoff, and residential uses; (D) Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban storm water runoff, and septic systems; (E) Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems, FDA regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health. For more information on this matter, please contact Jon Jamison at 330-652-3614 or via their email at or by mail at P.O. Box 4119, Youngstown, OH  44515-0119.

Lead Educational Information:
If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. City of Canfield is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 800-426-4791or at http://

The City of Canfield issued permit from the Ohio EPA requires testing for Copper and Lead during the months of June, July, and August.  Testing for Lead and Copper was performed by representatives of the City in 2020 and will be completed again in 2021.


An active Backflow and Cross Connection Program further protects your water. This program services to help protect the consumer against the entrance of any potential contaminant from entering the distribution system. Backflow Prevention Devices are required throughout the distribution system. The devices are tested annually by Sate Certified Backflow Testers.

Drinking Water Notice

The City of Canfield distributes approximately 600,000 gallons of water per day through 60 miles of pipelines to users of Canfield and a limited portion of Canfield Township. Canfield stores 2 million gallons of water per day in two water storage tanks and maintains emergency generating equipment to operate pumps during power failures

During the 2020 reporting period, the City of Canfield issued Boil Alerts as a safety precaution as a result of the repair of water breaks on the following streets within the City of Canfield.

  • Blueberry Hill
  • Bradford Dr.
  • Brookpark Dr.
  • Dartmouth Dr.
  • Deer Trail Ave.
  • Fairground Blvd.
  • Glenview Rd.
  • Indian Lake Blvd.
  • Lakeview Cir.
  • Moreland Dr.
  • Neff Dr.
  • N. Briarcliff Dr.
  • N. Broad St.
  • Sawmill Run Dr.
  • Sleepy Hollow Dr.
  • S. Broad St.
  • Stoneybrook Ln.
  • Talsman Dr.
  • Topaz Cir.
  • W. Main St.

Table of Contaminants for 2020

Information provided by The Mahoning Valley Sanitary District


The 90th Percentile reported in the 2019 CCR for copper was incorrect. The correct 90th percentile for copper was 0.0549 ppm, not 0.0056 ppm.

* Turbidity is a measure of the cloudiness of the water and is an indication of the effectiveness of the filtration system. The Turbidity limit set by the E.P.A. is .5 NTU in 95% of the daily samples and shall not exceed 5 NTU at any time.

**-BDL-Below Detection Limits

*** Some people who drank water containing trihalomethanes in excess of the MCL over many years may experience problems with their liver, kidneys, or central nervous systems, and may have an increased risk of getting cancer



Definitions of some terms contained within this report

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG):  The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

Maximum Contaminant level (MCL):  The highest level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.  MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL):  The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water.  There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.  

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG):  The level of drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

Action Level (AL):  The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

Treatment Technique (TT):  A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

Contact Time (CT) means the mathematical product of a “residual disinfectant concentration” (C), which is determined before or at the first customer, and the corresponding “disinfectant contact time” (T).

Microcystins: Liver toxins produced by a number of cyanobacteria.  Total microcystins are the sum of all the variants/congeners (forms) of the cyanotoxin microcystin.

Cyanobacteria: Photosynthesizing bacteria, also called blue-green algae, which naturally occur in marine and freshwater ecosystems, and may produce cyanotoxins, which at sufficiently high concentrations can pose a risk to public health.

Cyanotoxin: Toxin produced by cyanobacteria.  These toxins include liver toxins, nerve toxins, and skin toxins.  Also sometimes referred to as “algal toxin”.

Level 1 Assessment is a study of the water system to identify the potential problems and determine (if possible) why total coliform bacteria have been found in our water system.

Level 2 Assessment is a very detailed study of the water system to identify potential problems and determine (if possible) why an E. coli MCL violation has occurred and/or why total coliform bacteria have been found in our water system on multiple occasions.

Parts per Million (ppm) or Milligrams per Liter (mg/L) are units of measure for concentration of a contaminant.  A part per million corresponds to one second in a little over 11.5 days.

Parts per Billion (ppb) or Micrograms per Liter (μg/L) are units of measure for concentration of a contaminant.  A part per billion corresponds to one second in 31.7 years.

The “<” symbol: A symbol which means less than.  A result of <5 means that the lowest level that could be detected was 5 and the contaminant in that sample was not detected.

Picocuries per liter (pCi/L):  A common measure of radioactivity.

PFAS – “Per- and Polyfluoralkyl substances”

Ohio and states nationwide are faced with challenges related to Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), which have been manufactured and used for years in everyday items such as nonstick cookware, water-resistant clothing and personal care products. PFAS have also been widely used in firefighting foams, at military installations and fire training facilities. PFAS are classified as contaminants of emerging concern, meaning that research into the harm they may cause to human health is still ongoing.

In an announcement on September 27, 2019, Governor Mike DeWine directed the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Ohio Department of Health (ODH) to develop a statewide PFAS action plan to analyze the prevalence of these substances in Ohio’s drinking water. Under this plan, Ohio EPA is coordinating sampling and analysis, through contracted environmental firms and certified laboratories, of approximately 1,500 public water systems statewide. These systems provide water to cities, mobile home parks, schools, and daycares and serve approximately 90 percent of Ohio’s population.

Ohio EPA is testing for six specific PFAS identified in the table below and has worked with ODH to establish Action Levels for each. Action Levels are based on health advisory information published by U.S. EPA and other health-related research that has been conducted on PFAS exposures.

An Action Level is not a boundary between a “safe” and “dangerous” level of a chemical.  Rather, it is a level that represents the concentration at below which no adverse non-cancer health effects would be anticipated for the most sensitive populations. 

Ohio’s Statewide PFAS Action Plan for Drinking Water calls for Ohio EPA to gather data from public water systems statewide to determine if PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) are present in drinking water. Under this plan, your water system was sampled for 6 individual PFAS contaminants: PFOA, PFOS, GenX, PFBS, PFHxS, and PFNA.

Mahoning Valley Sanitary District (Meander Water) water was tested and the results show that PFOS, and PFHxS were found, however the levels present were less than the Ohio Action Level.


The results of the sampling data for Mahoning Valley Sanitary District (Meander Water) are being posted on the state website at

As a proactive measure, Mahoning Valley Sanitary District (Meander Water) will be taking the following actions to monitor and reduce PFAS levels in our drinking water supply:

  • Conducting quarterly monitoring
  • Working with Ohio EPA to develop an action plan to reduce contamination

Ohio EPA and ODH are also closely coordinating on outreach and educational materials for residents on PFAS, including health-related information and steps to reduce potential exposures. A state website has been set up to provide information about PFAS at We encourage you to visit this website for helpful information about PFAS and reducing your exposure risks.


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